Constant conflict in Afghanistan has rendered the security situation precarious and with an obvious negative impact on the economic and investment climate. Despite reforms to the legal and regulatory framework, there are still serious shortcomings in terms of developing the private sector, which is not yet sufficiently competitive. Years of warfare have meant that successive regimes have struggles to govern centrally and are often impotent, largely due to the lack of a tax base or a legitimate indigenous source of revenue.
One of the greatest challenges is to create jobs and/or business opportunities for the nearly 400,000 people entering the labour market each year. Approximately half of the Afghan population is underemployed or unemployed, and the lack of work particularly affects women. The participation of women in the labour force is low – only 29 percent of women are economically active (consequently women headed households are the poorest in the world) and around 66 percent of this female labour force is engaged in agriculture and 24 percent in manufacturing.
The R2J project has established two milk collection centres (MCC) in the villages of Khala bachagan and Taligak. The Khalabachagan MCC covers 10 surrounding villages and the Taligak MCC 9 villages. These centres collect farmer’s fresh milk on a daily basis, which is then bought (around 650 kgs per day) by the Pakiza Livestock and Dairy Production Company.
Milk Collection Centres give farmers the opportunity to sell their milk to factories who then process the milk into dairy products. Factories can also train the farmers in the best dairy production methods to ensure a high quality supply of milk.