More grapes are grown in Afghanistan than any other fruits, comprising nearly half of the total fruits produced, thereby playing an important role in the agricultural economy. Grapes are grown in nearly every part of the country, with commercial production in the provinces of Kabul, Parwan, Kapisa, Kandahar, Helmand, Jawzjan, Herat and Ghazni. The total area of grapevine cultivation in Afghanistan is estimated at more than 62,000 hectares with a total annual production of more than 610,000 metric tons . Average farm yields are approximately 9,800 kg/ha. The grape sector is ripe for expansion into other export markets but systemic constraints exist, such as poor linkages with export markets and a lack of cold storage facilities and correct certification of produce. Afghan grapes cannot compete with imported grapes from Iran which appear on the market off-season; better storage facilities could ensure a regular income for Afghan farmers.