Grape Growing in Afghanistan
Grapes play an important role in the economy of Afghanistan and have been cultivated for centuries. Unfortunately, the vast majority of grapes are grown on earthen mounds, resulting in poor quality and high losses due to disorders and pests. Afghan grapes are well known in the region and offer promising sources of revenue for exporters.
More grapes are grown in Afghanistan than any other fruits, comprising nearly half of the total fruits produced, thereby playing an important role in the agricultural economy. Each year grapes are exported (both fresh and dried) to countries such as Pakistan, India, England, Japan, Russia, Germany, France, the UAE and Central Asia. Grapes in Afghanistan are consumed fresh, dried and in the form of grape juice. Grapes are grown in nearly every part of the country, with commercial production in the provinces of Kabul, Parwan, Kapisa, Kandahar, Helmand, Jawzjan, Herat and Ghazni. The total area of grapevine cultivation in Afghanistan is estimated at more than 62,000 hectares with a total annual production of more than 610,000 metric tons1 . Average farm yields are approximately 9,800 kg/ha.