An assessment was carried out to measure the results and better understand the impacts of grape extension services intervention at a community level. Assessments were carried out in 16 villages in the four districts above mentioned. 45 grape farmers were interviewed and four focus group discussions held ( one for each district). The 9 input suppliers and 22 farmer’s cooperative members and DAIL extension workers who received the training were interviewed.
In the 4 targeted districts all the grape farmers now have access to GAP information via input suppliers, farmers associations and DAIL extension workers. The interviewed extension workers have delivered GAP training to 296 farmers. From these 296 farmers 220 were trained by input suppliers, 56 by farmer’s cooperatives and 20 by DAIL extension workers.
Extension Workers and Input suppliers
Overall, the grape extension services intervention has improved the skills and knowledge of both extension workers as well as farmers. 22 extension workers received GAP training which was then passed on to the farmers at community level. The main challenge for extension workers in providing GAP training is travelling ( transportation costs) to different villages. Among the extension workers input suppliers have proved to be the best service providers because they are paid for their services; alongside providing these services they can train farmers in GAP.
The input suppliers have, post training, increased their coverage area and customers have increased by 41%. This increase in customers and farmers awareness has boosted sales by 24% ( AFN 1,210,000 last year and AFN 1,500,000 this year.)
“This training has made me see how I can change the way I grow grapes. The new methods are already showing better production and my crops have less disease…” Bahiri Farha, 45, Grape Farmer , Faraz Nakchir province.
Responses showed that all interviewed farmers have received good GAP training. Extension workers mainly used on the job training methods, explaining topics by visiting grape orchards and demonstrating. In some cases they collected the farmers together and explained pre-harvest topics. The extension workers didn’t charge for the training and thus they received free training which resulted in increased production. Out of 45 interviewed farmers, 22 of them have received GAP training from input suppliers, 9 from DAIL and 14 from cooperatives.
31 out of the 45 farmers interviewed said the training on GAP through extension workers was very helpful to them whilst the remaining stated it was helpful. 22 out of the 45 said they were highly satisfied, 20 they were satisfied and the remaining 3 a little satisfied.
Grape quality post GAP training has improved. Production has increased by 422kgs/Jerib. This will improve in the coming years as the GAP practices are applied.