Many skills development programmes in the country fail owing to an inability to correctly understand the demands of the private sector and the labour market. This failure is exacerbated by the lack of an organized education system, leaving the sector run by a mix of local and international NGOs and private sector organizations, each with their own systems and regulations. In addition most of the courses provided do not address the real skills gap, leaving many young people disillusioned and without jobs once they enter the world of work.
Across Puntland, young people face real and increasing difficulty in finding jobs. Unemployment and underemployment are pervasive and rampant. This complete lack of youth engagement creates certain trends and patterns which will have far-reaching repercussions in the future. Migration through perilous routes ‘Tahreeb’ has increased exponentially, and remains the most cited social and economic problem at this time. Many of the youth have taken refuge in fuelling conflicts, destabilizing the fragile security of the region. Recruitment of youth by the radical extremist groups is still on the rise. Some are engaged in precarious and vulnerable employment conditions in the informal economy. These are all profoundly disturbing reflections on, and trends in, the current status of the youth.