1. The EII approach in a post-disaster context links infrastructure rehabilitation with employment creation, livelihood recovery, and social protection. The EII’s local resource-based approach (LRB) emphasizes the use of local capacities, including labour, materials, and knowledge, to implement restoration of infrastructure by local community groups. This ensures optimum labour content, good productivity levels, immediate income for residents, and assistance in revitalizing the local economy.
2. The EII projects used in the case study pursued common objectives, namely: 1) assistance for affected areas through emergency employment to repair and reconstruct community assets, environmental rehabilitation, protection work, and green work; 2) implementation of labour-market-responsive technical vocational skills training to improve prospects for wage employment and self-employment; 3) implementation of longer-term interventions to rehabilitate community assets through community contracting; and 4) support for livelihoods recovery in small and medium enterprises.
3. Participation of vulnerable groups such as women, youth, indigenous peoples and persons with disabilities are given priority. Women’s participation was targeted at a minimum of 50 per cent across subprojects. Social protection and personal protection equipment (PPEs) is provided in all subprojects.
4. The ultimate objective of the EII approach in post-disaster response is to promote decent work and social justice by implementing an employment-centred recovery.